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Calf implants surgery can be conducted on one or both calves of an individual. An incision is made in the crease behind the knee and the skin is gently pulled away to expose the muscle. Two implants are generally used for each leg in order to mimic the natural contour of the leg. The silicone implants are selected by the surgeon to match the patient's desired size and shape. The implants are placed on top of the calf muscles and the incision is closed. The surgery generally takes 1-1/2 to 2 hours and can be conducted using local or general anesthesia.
Compression stockings are applied at the end of the surgery and must be worn for 2 to 3 weeks to help with blood circulation and reduce swelling. Generally, patients remain off their feet with legs elevated as much as possible for the first 1 to 2 weeks and return to normal activity after 4 weeks.
There is the possibility of infection following any surgery. Your surgeon will likely prescribe antibiotics to avoid infection in addition to any pain medication. Bruising and swelling is common for the first few days following surgery. Patients may also be advised to limit some types of physical activity for 4 to 6 weeks following the surgery. Calves should also not be exposed to the sun (or tanning beds) for at least 2 to 3 weeks following the surgery.