Acne

Acne
Though more common in teens and young adults, acne can affect you at any time in life. Dr. Fien has experience with the many types of acne from early onset to adult. Patients in East Fort Lauderdale, FL can benefit from Dr. Fien’s expertise to help their skin to look its best at the Skin Center.

Acne Q & A

Skin Center

What Causes Acne?

Acne occurs when the follicles in the areas of the skin that produce oil, or sebum, become clogged. Once the follicle becomes clogged with too much oil, bacteria infects the pore. The resulting inflammation causes pimples to form.  Acne can range from mild to extreme and can form on the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders. A number of factors can contribute to causing or aggravating acne including medications, stress, dairy, and carbohydrate rich foods. Any change in hormones due to pregnancy or menstruation in women, or puberty for young adults, can trigger excess oil secretion and acne may form.

What Types of Treatment Are Available?

Most cases of acne fit into three categories: comedonal, inflammatory, and cystic. Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter medications. For more serious conditions, like inflammatory or cystic acne, a doctor may need to prescribe stronger medications such as topical applications, retinoids, or antibiotics. Oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline, tetracycline, minocycline, or erythromycin, kill the bacteria that is causing the inflammation. Topical and antibiotic treatments are often combined to get the best results.  

What Treatments Are Used for Scarring?

Acne scars are the result of a pimple, cyst, or lesion. Once a pimple surfaces on the skin it can leave pitting in the skin that may or may not cause discoloration. Types of treatment vary.  

  • Laser resurfacing – As the name implies, laser resurfacing is when a laser is used to strip the damaged layers of skin to reveal healthier skin beneath. The procedure works best on scars that are not very deep.
  • Fillers – can be injected into the indented scars directly under the skin. This technique stretches the skin to make the scars appear less noticeable.
  • Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion - With a dermabrasion exfoliator wand the top layer of skin is smoothed to replace the damaged skin with a fresh layer.
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Skin Center
6550 North Federal Highway
Suite 320
Fort Lauderdale, FL 33308